The Introduction of Japanese Manuscripts about Sword-guards (2024)

Koyama, Noboru

We are interested in how early Japanese books (wakosho) contributed to the development of Japanese studies in Europe. As part of the "Japonisme" craze, a lot of Japanese sword-guards (tsuba) were collected in the late 19th century as well as ukiyo-e prints, netsukes, etc. and studies on them started in early 20th century in Europe. One of earliest Japanese research works on "tsuba" was Matsumiya Kanzan's book-form manuscript which was titled as "Tōban Shinpin Zukan" (it was also titled as "Tōban Shōkan Kuketsu", "Tōban Zufu", "Tōban Zukan"). Even in Japan, modern authentic studies on "tsuba" started only around the turn of the 20th century using "wakosho" on them.

Initiatives for Sharing and Utilization of Humanities and Social Science Data (2024)

Yamada, Taizo ; Miwa, Satoshi ; Yokouchi, Nobutada ; Shibutani, Ayako ; Nakamura, Satoru ; Hirasawa, Kanako

Yamada Taizo
University of Tokyo. Historiographical Institute
Miwa Satoshi
Institute of Social Science of the University of Tokyo
Yokouchi Nobutada
Institute of Social Science of the University of Tokyo
Shibutani Ayako
University of Tokyo. Historiographical Institute
Nakamura Satoru
University of Tokyo. Historiographical Institute

Digital Humanities and "Digital Archive" in Japan (2024)

Gotō, Makoto ; Hashimoto, Yuta ; Kawabe, Sakiko ; Teramura, Minami

This presentation will introduce new resources from the National Institutes for the Humanities and the National Museum of Japanese History and explain the major trends in Digital Humanities (DH) and Digital Archives (DA) in Japan. Following the establishment of the DH Promotion Office, the National Institutes for the Humanities has been actively engaged in various DH-related activities. Although the discussion on resources will primarily focus on nihuBridge, this presentation will also provide comprehensive information on diverse related activities and outline the trends and future directions of digital research materials in Japan.

Development of DH educational video lectures and Podcast LOD (2024)

Ōi, Masao

Ōi Masao
National Institutes for the Humanities (NIHU) / National Museum of Japanese History. Specially Appointed Associate Professor

日本の人文学研究及び関連資料に研究者の「語り」を付与し、社会と未来に繋ぐ、DH教育講座とPodcast LODの開発


Model Building in the Humanities through Data-Driven Problem Solving (2024)

Komiyama, Fumi ; Yamamoto, Kazuaki ; Matsubara, Noriko

The National Institute of Japanese Literature NIJL has started a new project, "Model Building in the Humanities through Data-Driven Problem Solving", in 2024.
NIJL had digitized 300,000 pre-modern Japanese texts under the "NIJL-NW project". In the new project, 150,000 digitized pre-modern works will be added in collaboration with various institutions, including those overseas. In addition, we are going to try extracting full-text of digital images from pre-modern works.
We will also improve the functionality of the "Union Catalogue Database of Japanese Texts (国書データベース)" and enrich its content. Based on this database, we will promote the "Data-driven research" and other projects.
In this presentation, we will introduce an overview of our new project and further efforts regarding this database (e.g., text data creation by OCR).

Materials from Old Houses in Japan (2023)

Yabuta, Yutaka

With the expansion of the digital humanities, the field of Japanese Studies is progressing on a global scale. Within this environment, researchers wishing to access archival materials from abroad will first and foremost make use of digitized texts that have been transcribed and imaged, followed by historical records housed in museums, archives, and research libraries. However, transcribed texts have been edited and are therefore no longer original. In addition, museums, archives, and research libraries organize materials according to their respective cataloguing requirements. This is because public institutions receiving donations of archival materials have to make these materials available to the public. The materials are thus subjected to a ‘New (Archival) Order’. 
As a result, there is no way of knowing who originally compiled these materials and how they were handed down and held in private homes, thereby obscuring the ‘Old (Archival) Order’ and irretrievably separating it from the ‘New (Archival) Order’. 

The Memory of a Whaling Catcher Boat (2023)

Koretsune, Sakura

Whaling practices of Norway and Japan began to cross at the end of the nineteenth century when Japanese entrepreneurs visited Norway to study the cutting-edge whaling technique called the "Norwegian system whaling technique". Traditional whaling was conducted mainly by nets in Japan until then. Technologies, including the equipment, ships, and skills of gunners, were transferred from Norway to Japan in the early twentieth century, significantly contributing to the development of the modern whaling industry in Japan. Working with Norwegian whalers would influence Japanese workers and local communities, but the cultural aspects of this international collaboration are still understudied. Long-term voyages of pelagic whaling provided whalers extra time to create crafts from whale materials. Norwegian and Japanese whalers painted baleens as decorative objects, and there seem to be similarities in painting styles and motifs.
The presentation will introduce one remarkable baleen painting dedicated as ema, or votive painting, to a local Shinto shrine of Hagi, Yamaguchi, Japan.