Kikteva, Maria
Higher School of Economics, School of oriental studies. Lecturer, tutor

Geographical information in Tokai setsuyo hyakkatsu

An encyclopedia for urban dwellers Tokai setsuyo hyakkatsu created by neoconfucian scholars Matsuni Dojin (1753-1822), Takayasu Rooku (1772-1801) and illustrated by Niwa Tokei (1760-1822) was published in Osaka in 1801. Tokai setsuyo hyakkatsu is an example of popular encyclopedias of the time of setsuyoshu genre. This kind of encyclopedias usually contents various information on geographical topics as texts, images or maps. In Tokai setsuyo hyakkatsu there are maps of Japan, world, Fuji, three great towns (Osaka, Edo, Kyoto), images of Chinese and Japanese famous sceneries, some notes for pilgrims, historical notes on Japanese shrines and temples. The clue goal of the genre was to support and reinforce the stability of the existing social order based of neoconfucian world view. Due to this purpose the information in such an edition was conservative by its nature. But it's hard to imagine, that the widespread of European geographical and cartographic knowledge that took place in Japan since the middle of 16th century couldn't do any influence on even such conservative editions. Another source of influence can be found in Buddhist world maps. The paper investigates these three important elements of geographical knowledge (traditional Chinese, Buddhist and European) coexisted in Tokugawa Japan, its interaction and mutual influence in setsuyoshu genre by examining visual and textual content of Tokai setsuyo hyakkatsu.