Dirk de Graeff and the Opening of Japan

This book by Dr. Herman J. Moeshart treats the history of the Dutch-Japanese relations in the years 1857-1869 and focuses on the Dutch representative in Japan, Dirk de Graeff (Van Polsbroek).  De Graeff was from 1859 Acting Vice Consul at Kanagawa,1863 Political Agent and Consul General and from mid 1867 (titular) Resident Minister. He played an important role in the history of his time and was active in the conclusion of treaties with Japan for Switzerland, Prussia, Belgium, and he concluded the treaties for Denmark and Sweden-Norway.

The book was published by Batavian Lion International, Amsterdam (info@bataafscheleeuw.nl) ISBN 978 90 6707 714 9