Historical Documents Related to the Teaching and Learning of Early Modern Domains (2023)

Asai, Miyabi

In the 1970s, Ronald Dore's publications brought attention to the educational heritage of early modern Japan, both inside and outside of Japan. Education began with terakoya for elementary education followed by private schools (shijuku) and the domain schools (hankō), and it was during this period that Confucianism, as a foreign ideology, was widely incorporated into education. In response to the spread of education, Confucian scholars were recruited by each domain, and they also played a role in introducing learning and culture of Edo, Kyoto, and Osaka to regional cities.
At the 2013 Paris Conference, I introduced the historical materials of the Matano family, which was inherited by five generations of Confucian scholars in the Tatsuno domain in present-day Hyogo Prefecture. I would like to introduce the historical materials that could not be introduced at that time. I also would like to introduce the historical materials related to the Tottori and Okayama domains schools, as well as the preservation status of historical materials related to education in modern Shiga.

Recreating the Gillet Collection of Japanese Illustrated Books (2023)

Bianchi, Alessandro

This talk examines the provenance of a substantial body of Tokugawa-period printed books that were rebound in custom-made textile bindings, commonly referred to as 'Gillet' covers after the name of a former French collector. Building on a research paper delivered in occasion of the 2022 Symposium 'Arthur Tress and the Japanese Illustrated Book' (University of Pennsylvania), I shall look anew at illustrated books housed in major European and American institutions, in an attempt a recreating the now dispersed Gillet collection. Furthermore, in light of new evidence recently uncovered, I will discuss the identity of Mr Gillet, casting some light on his collecting activities.

Adapting to Digital Trends (2023)

Corbett, Rebecca

Digital Exhibitions and Projects are becoming more and more common as institutions seek to go beyond merely providing digitized materials and look to provide scholarly context around them. Here, I will introduce a digital project tentatively titled Off the Beaten Path: Alternative Views of the Fifty-Three Tōkaidō Stations. Typically, digital projects created by librarians focus on resources at their own institution, however, in this project librarians from three schools with small- to mid-sized collections for Japanese Studies (Duke University, University of Southern California, and the Ohio State University) are collaborating to bring together materials in their collections and develop a dynamic interpretive lens around them. We hope that by putting these materials in conversation with one other, in the digital environment, they can be made more meaningful than if studied in isolation.

Quantitative & Qualitative Reflections on Recent Hiring Trends in Japanese Studies (2023)

Curtis, Paula R.

Government and institutional investment in international education, the humanities, and higher education at large has been in decline for more than a decade, leaving Japanese Studies (among other area studies) with fewer and fewer resources to maintain robust programs. Despite some post-COVID and post-lockdown improvements, the future of many already underfunded departments, centers, and libraries around the world remains uncertain. With these concerns in mind, this presentation will discuss recent hiring trends in Japanese Studies based on job advertisement data collected over the course of several academic job market cycles from 2020 to 2023.

Opportunities for Global Collaboration in Collection Discovery (2023)

Davis, Ann Marie ; Matsuura, Katherine ; Sugiyama, Yukari

Where do scholars go to find the most comprehensive list of collections in North America or other regions of the world? How can librarians and resource specialists provide such lists while adapting to changing trends in Japanese Studies? Addressing these issues, our presentation discusses the Notable Japanese Collections (NJC) Dashboard, a digital collection discovery initiative and tool that identifies and promotes distinctive Japanese Studies collections in North America. Through our working group with the North American Coordinating Council on Japanese Library Resources (NCC), we have developed an online database that aims to showcase all notable print and digital materials (including unprocessed or partially processed collections) across the continent.

Overall Trends of Digital Humanities and Digital Archives in Japan (2023)

Gotō, Makoto ; Hashimoto, Yuta ; Kawabe, Sakiko

Continuing from 2022, this report provides an update on the status of Digital Humanities (hereafter DH) and Digital Archives (hereafter DA) as of 2023. While there has been no significant shift from the major trend of transitioning from “only human readable data” to “machine-usable datasets”, and from images to text utilization, there have been some releases and modifications in digital resources. These changes will be elaborated, providing an overview of the current state of digitalization of Japanese resources in Japan

The Present State of Use of Classical Texts Using Public Images (2023)

Hayami, Kaori ; Miyamoto, Yukiko

The NIJL has been aiming to make images of approximately 300,000 classical works available on the Kokusho DB since 2014 as part of the Historical Classics NW Project. The NIJL`s joint research project, “Development of ICT-based Educational Programs Based on Images of Classics” is attempting to use the Kokusho DB to develop educational materials for learning about classical knowledge and the local history and culture associated with it in a fun way.

Hiroshima Domain Government documents in Edo period through Ryoshi examination (2023)

Ishikawa, Yoshie

This presentation proposes the role of Ryoshi (料紙, materiality of paper) in analyzing the historical documents in the Hiroshima Domain Government (HDG; Hiroshima-han) from the middle to late Edo period, demonstrated through the materials in the Hiroshima Prefectural Archives. During this era, samurai officers made official use of various papers of different size, folding patterns, colors, and thickness to honor the receiver’s status and expressing the importance of the communique. HDG’s law required samurai officers to use Iro-moroguchi (色諸口) paper and Iro-hanshi (色半紙) paper, which were dyed in pale pink, for all forms of official documents.
Incorporating the evidence from the samurai’s diaries, journals, and the scientific examination of paper materials, this presentation demonstrates that Ryoshi visualizes the four Cs in HDG: Class society, Community spirit, Credibility of official document, and Color-coded network.

Promoting Digital Humanities through International Team Research (2023)

Isomae, Jun'ichi

This presentation introduces an international collaborative research project, digital humanities research on the beginning and end of the nation-state, which is being conducted by the team research of the International Research Center for Japanese Studies (IRCJS).
There are two kinds of our research materials. The first is 140 letters to Tetsujiro Inoue in the collection of the IRCJS Library. The second is the 15,000-piece Seita Toma Archive maintained by the presenter.

Making a Search System from the List of Japanese Studies-Related Databases (2023)

Kamiya, Nobutake

Several years have passed since we started the project to create a database list of Japanese Studies-related databases together, and the number of items has gradually increased. However, it has become difficult to read the contents in the current list format alone, so we have created a system that extracts information from the list and puts it into a search system using MySQL, Flask and Docker, so that the contents of the list can be retrieved as soon as necessary. This presentation introduces that system.

Blood, Tears and Samurai Love (2023)

Koch, Angelika

This talk aims to introduce a joint Leiden-Yale digital research project centred on a unique early eighteenth-century Japanese manuscript acquired by Yale’s Beinecke Rare Books Library in 2017 (working title: Shudō tsuya monogatari). Set in 1714 in northwestern Japan, the anonymous work describes a samurai same-sex love affair and its tragic consequences. As such, it provides a rare example of an early modern 'true-record-book' (jitsuroku-bon) – a book of rumours surrounding actual events and scandals, illicitly circulating in handwritten manuscript form – on the subject of male same-sex love.

Looking beyond the Union Catalogue Database of Japanese Texts (2023)

Komiyama, Fumi ; Yamamoto, Kazuaki

The National Institute of Japanese Literature (NIJL) has carried out the NIJL-NW project for 10 years in cooperation with various domestic and overseas institutions. As a result, it is expected that 300,000 pre-modern Japanese texts will be digitized and made available online. This project will shift to “the Model Building in the Humanities through Data-Driven Problem Solving Project” starting in 2024.
In line with this, we have integrated and reorganized the databases we have offered. Then, in March 2023, the "Union Catalogue Database of Japanese Texts" was released. In the future, we aim to further enrich the database by adding transcriptions and bibliographical introductions, standardizing metadata, and collaborating with domestic and foreign institutions.
In this presentation, we will introduce our current status and future strategies.

The Memory of a Whaling Catcher Boat (2023)

Koretsune, Sakura

Whaling practices of Norway and Japan began to cross at the end of the nineteenth century when Japanese entrepreneurs visited Norway to study the cutting-edge whaling technique called the "Norwegian system whaling technique". Traditional whaling was conducted mainly by nets in Japan until then. Technologies, including the equipment, ships, and skills of gunners, were transferred from Norway to Japan in the early twentieth century, significantly contributing to the development of the modern whaling industry in Japan. Working with Norwegian whalers would influence Japanese workers and local communities, but the cultural aspects of this international collaboration are still understudied. Long-term voyages of pelagic whaling provided whalers extra time to create crafts from whale materials. Norwegian and Japanese whalers painted baleens as decorative objects, and there seem to be similarities in painting styles and motifs.
The presentation will introduce one remarkable baleen painting dedicated as ema, or votive painting, to a local Shinto shrine of Hagi, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Revisiting the three utaibon donated to the Bodleian Library in 1629 (2023)

Kornicki, Peter

At the EAJRS conference at Kaunas in 2018 I presented on the three Sagabon utaibon donated to the Bodleian Library in 1629. Among the unsolved questions was how they reached the hands of a country clergyman in England in the early seventeenth century. Since then I have been able to find the answer to this question, which involves a member of the East India Company who worked in Bantam (now Banten in Indonesia) and never reached Japan. I will reveal his name in Leuven and explain the long-distance connection between that clergyman and Japan!

Obei Bijutsu Angya, the Kuwabara Collection, Shimane University Library Digital Collections (2023)

Koyama, Noboru ; Satō, Yōko

Digital collections of rare resources are very important for the internet age, particularly from relatively remote libraries and museums as geographical obstacles to their access can be overcome through the internet. As one of the users who has enjoyed the convenience of these resources, Noboru Koyama would like to introduce "Obei Bijutsu Angya" ("The Pilgrimage of Art in Europe and America"), a book-form manuscript (12 volumes) written by Kuwabara Yojiro, a scholar of Japanese arts and crafts from Matsue City.
Yoko Sato would like to introduce the Kuwabara Collection and other important digital collections from Shimane University Library in Matsue City.

Forging Knowledge and Technology for the Future (2023)

Magnussen, Naomi Yabe ; Kamiya, Nobutake ; Egami, Toshinori ; Marra, Toshie ; Gotō, Makoto

In the rapidly advancing landscape of AI technology, it is likely that academic libraries supporting Japanese Studies will also need to undergo transformation to keep pace. Against this backdrop, this panel discussion will focus on themes such as ChatGPT and other LLMs (Large Language Models), AI literacy, and Digital Humanities. The discussion is not aimed at providing definitive answers, but rather at providing an opportunity for viewers and participants to take the themes home and deepen their own thinking.

Re-envisioning Constitutional Revision in Japan (2023)

Matsuura, Katherine

The Japan Digital Research Center of the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies was established in 2017 for the purpose of developing new modes of support and collaboration amongst librarians, faculty, and students working in an increasingly digitized and networked environment. Despite its recent beginnings, the JDRC serves as home to a resource representing both the oldest and newest Japan digital project at Harvard: Constitutional Revision in Japan. It was originally launched in 2005 following the LDP’s publication of a new constitution draft and announcement that they would vigorously pursue revision. Much of the debate was taking place on the internet and there was an immediate perception of need to capture and preserve these materials for a future generation of scholars and students.

From Tokyo to Guam: the Evacuation of the Bishop of Guam (2023)

Nagase, Yumi

Through what we call "The Chronicle of Japan" written by the bishop himself during his forced stay in Japan from 1942 till 1943 under the care of the Jesuits in Tokyo on the one hand, and the Spanish diplomatic documentation (1942-1944) on the other, we trace the happenings around the evacuation of the Bishop of Guam, Miguel Angel Olano Urteaga, from his indigent state in Tokyo, caused by the unexpected deportation of him from Guam as, almost, a prisoner, to Japan. The mentioned “Chronicle” is stored in the Provincial Historical Archive of Capuchins of Pamplona (Navarra), in the Personal Funds Section, while the employed Spanish diplomatic documentation was kept, at the time of collecting, in the General Archive of the Spanish Ministry of the Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation. A few articles of a Japanese newspaper also corroborate the footsteps of the bishop.

People in disaster (2023)

Noguchi, Setsuko

On September 1, 2023, an unprecedented earthquake of magnitude 7.9 known as Great Kanto Earthquake hit the Kanto region causing one of the largest damages in Japanese history. The number of killed people exceeded 105,000 including missing people. In addition, nearly 1.5 million people were left homeless. Six neighbouring prefectures were affected, and most of the Tokyo metropolitan area was destroyed by the earthquake and fire. In this presentation, I would like to introduce Princeton University’s collection of posters and notifications created immediately following the earthquake by the Japanese national and regional governments, as well as citizen groups, etc. Most of these ephemera items consist of text only in contrast to post cards and drawings that were created later. The contents are rather raw portraying the desperation and urgency of the situation.

New Digital Exhibitions at the National Diet Library (2023)

Ogawa, Naru

The NDL Image Bank is a digital exhibition of beautiful and enjoyable images from the National Diet Library's collection. In this system we can add selected images from the digitized collection of over 3 million items by specific themes. After launching the service in March 2022 with approximately 1,500 images, as of April 2023, over 7,000 images have been introduced in over 120 themes and over 40 columns.

A Japanese online catalogue from metadata old and new (2023)

Ohtsuka, Yasuyo ; Dillon, Chris

In this presentation we will introduce an innovative and collaborative project to enable online access to the content of printed library catalogues.
The British Library’s collection of antiquarian Japanese books and manuscripts is catalogued in several print publications but making them available online has long been a challenge. The two most important printed catalogues are very different in content and format.
The presentation will explain how close collaboration between the British Library’s Collection Metadata Systems and Japanese Collections and Toppan Printing made it possible to produce very accurate electronic metadata which could be manipulated for ingest into the Library’s online catalogue.

Early European owners of Jesuit prints and manuscripts from Japan (2023)

Osterkamp, Sven

The provenance of Jesuit prints and manuscripts from Japan now kept in collections across Europe and beyond is still understudied. It is thus often not sufficiently clear, when and how they left their country of origin, who their first owners in Europe were and how they were transmitted afterwards. Relying on hints in the objects themselves, but chiefly on hitherto largely untapped sources such as book sale catalogues, this paper provides an overview of owners of such Jesuit sources in 17th to 19th century Europe

The International Business Correspondence of L. Kniffler & Co. (2023)

Scheffer, Marc

L. Kniffler & Co. was founded in 1859 in Nagasaki by the Prussian merchant Louis Kniffler (1827-1888). It was one of the first European trading houses to be established in Japan after the shogunate abandoned its isolationist policy, and within a few years it had become one of the largest. The digital edition of the international business correspondence of L. Kniffler & Co. (1859-1876) is the first attempt to publish the company's business correspondence in its entirety, as it has been preserved in the archive of its legal successor, C. Illies & Co.

Science of Japanese Historical Materials (2023)

Shibutani, Ayako ; Nakamura, Satoru ; Mizukami, Takane ; Hirasawa, Kanako

Since Katsumi Kuroita proposed palaeography as an adjunct to early modern Japanese history, palaeography has progressed in terms of sourcing various historical information, not limited to textual information, from historical materials. Among these developments, studies on papers used as historical materials have focused on documents from the ancient and medieval periods. Specifically, such research has identified and classified types of papers by investigating the materials and traces involved in the paper-making process and exploring the history of paper materials from manufacture to utilization. Observation methods for historical materials regarded as objects are of growing interest in the fields of natural science, paper-making science, and the restoration of cultural properties, in addition to history, and many surveys are being conducted using microscopes to observe and analyse the structure of papers used as historical materials.

The Improvements of the Search-ability for Shōsho Kunten Database (2023)

Tajima, Kōji

This paper describes improvements to the Kunten database for Shōsho (Early movable type printing, version 3). Kunten are the annotations such as Kana or marks for reading old Chinese textbooks in Japanese. The textbooks that have Kunten are called Kunten material. There are some small dots or marks written around the Kanji characters in Kunten material. These annotation marks show the verb conjugation (grammar rules), meanings, and readings. These annotation helps to understand the textbooks. The Kunten database supports to the analysis of the changes in the language or the historical differences in how to use the Kunten. The first version of the database was released in 2019. That was designed for the Kunten researchers, for that reason, the search and display methods need specialized knowledge and skills. The improved version has a new search method that uses Kanji + Kana.

Materials from Old Houses in Japan (2023)

Yabuta, Yutaka

With the expansion of the digital humanities, the field of Japanese Studies is progressing on a global scale. Within this environment, researchers wishing to access archival materials from abroad will first and foremost make use of digitized texts that have been transcribed and imaged, followed by historical records housed in museums, archives, and research libraries. However, transcribed texts have been edited and are therefore no longer original. In addition, museums, archives, and research libraries organize materials according to their respective cataloguing requirements. This is because public institutions receiving donations of archival materials have to make these materials available to the public. The materials are thus subjected to a ‘New (Archival) Order’. 
As a result, there is no way of knowing who originally compiled these materials and how they were handed down and held in private homes, thereby obscuring the ‘Old (Archival) Order’ and irretrievably separating it from the ‘New (Archival) Order’.